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Chemical constitution, physical properties, and biocompatibility of experimentally manufactured portland cement

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Authors
Hwang, Yun-Chan; Kim, Do-Hee; Hwang, In-Nam; Song, Sun-Ju; Park, Yeong-Joon; Koh, Jeong-Tae; Son, Ho-Hyun; Oh, Won-Mann
Issue Date
2011-01
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
J Endod 2011;37:58–62
Keywords
biocompatibilityconstitutionMTAphysical propertypure Portland cement
Abstract
Introduction: An experimental Portland cement was manufactured with pure raw materials under controlled laboratory conditions. The aim of this study was to compare the chemical constitution, physical properties, and biocompatibility of experimentally manufactured Portland cement with those of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Portland cement. Methods: The composition of the cements was determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive x-ray analysis (EDAX). The setting time and compressive strength were tested. The biocompatibility was evaluated by using SEM and XTT assay. Results: SEM and EDAX revealed the experimental Portland cement to have a similar composition to Portland cement. The setting time of the experimental Portland cement was significantly shorter than that of MTA and Portland cement. The compressive strength of the experimental Portland cement was lower than that of MTA and Portland cement. The experimental Portland cement showed a similar biocompatibility to MTA. Conclusions: The experimental Portland cement might be considered as a possible substitute for MTA in clinical usage after further testing.
ISSN
0099-2399
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/74106
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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