S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
Palatal Bone Density in Adult Subjects: Implications for Mini-implant Placement
- Moon, Sung Hee; Park, Sun Hyung; Lim, Won Hee; Chun, Youn Sic
- Issue Date
- Angle Orthod. 2010;80:137–144
- Objectives: To evaluate palatal bone density to allow for better selection of palatal implant anchorage sites. Materials and Methods: Computed tomographic (CT) images were obtained from 15 males and 15 females (mean age, 27 years; range, 23-35 years). Bone density was measured in Hounsfield units (HU) at 80 coordinates at regular mediolateral and anteroposterior intervals along the midpalatal suture. Results: Bone densities ranged from 805 to 1247 HU. A significant difference between male and female groups was noted, although no difference was found between left and right sides of individual palates. Palatal bone densities showed a tendency to decrease laterally and posteriorly. The midpalatal area within 3 mm of the midsagittal suture had the densest bone in the entire palate. Conclusion: Results suggest that mini-implants for orthodontic anchorage may be effectively placed in most areas with bone density equivalent to the palatal area if they are placed from 3 mm posterior to the incisive foramen and 1 to 5 mm to the paramedian side.