S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering (건설환경공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_건설환경공학부)
Microbubble suspension as a carrier of oxygen and acclimated bacteria for phenanthrene biodegradation
- Park, Joo Young; Choi, Yong Ju; Moon, Seheum; Shin, Do Yun; Nam, Kyoungphile
- Issue Date
- J. Hazardous Mater. 163 (2008) 761-767
- The applicability of microbubble suspension made of saponin as a biodegradation-enhancing carrier where oxygen and pollutant-degraders are limited was studied. The saponin-microbubble suspension was used to deliver phenanthrene-degrading bacteria, inorganic nutrients, and oxygen. Bench-scale study was carried out to determine the physical properties of the microbubble suspension and to verify whether
the delivered bacteria and oxygen were effectively used to degrade phenanthrene.
A concentration of 2 g saponin/L H2O generated stable microbubble suspension with a long half-drainage time and a high gas
hold-up, and the addition of phenanthrene-degraders and inorganic salts to the saponin solution did not affect such properties. The flow of the microbubble suspension through a heterogeneous sand/claypacked column occurred in two phases, with the liquid front advancing faster and the retarded gas
front. The retarded gas front provided oxygen with bacteria, which enables phenanthrene biodegradation.
Approximately 30% of the spiked phenanthrene was degraded in 21 days when one pore volume of 2.0 g/L saponin-microbubble suspension was applied whereas no phenanthrene decrease was observed following the application of the same saponin solution without microbubble generation. The decrease
mainly occurred at the lower part of the column where the supply of oxygen by the microbubble was concentrated.
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