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Osteopromotion With Synthetic Oligopeptide–Coated Bovine Bone Mineral In Vivo

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Issue Date
2007-01
Publisher
American Academy of Periodontology
Citation
J Periodontol 2007;78:157-163
Keywords
Bonebone morphogenetic protein 2bovineoligopeptide
Abstract
Background: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP)-2 has been shown to stimulate significant regeneration of alveolar bone and cementum in periodontal defects clinically. The aim of this study was to evaluate the osteopromotive effect of oligopeptide domain–coated bovine bone mineral granules in a rabbit calvarial defect model.

Methods: The peptide-coated bovine bone was fabricated by incubating the graft material in a solution of oligopeptide domain. The cell attachment and proliferation were measured in vitro. Peptide-coated (test group) or uncoated (control group) bone minerals were implanted into 10-mm calvarial defects in rabbits, and the animals were sacrificed at 1, 2, or 4 weeks post-surgery.

Results: The cells grown with peptide-coated bone showed significantly higher proliferation activity at all times compared to cells grown with peptide-uncoated bone mineral. At 2 weeks post-surgery, the control wounds showed a limited amount of osteoid formation in a centripetal pattern around the grafted bone, but the oligopeptide domain–coated grafted bone had formed new bone around the grafted area. At 4 weeks post-surgery, the control sites showed increased new bone formation, but they still showed a significant difference from the peptide-coated bone-implanted sites.

Conclusions: At 2 and 4 weeks, accelerated new bone formation was observed within the experimental sites compared to control groups. The use of deproteinized bovine bone combined with a synthetic oligopeptide seems to be a more beneficial material for bone regeneration in the early healing period.
ISSN
0022-3492
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/74278
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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