S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Industrial Engineering (산업공학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_산업공학과)
Volumetric, planar, and linear analyses of pharyngeal airway change on computed tomography and cephalometry after mandibular setback surgery
- Park, Jae-Woo; Kim, Nam-Kug; Kim, Myung-Jin; Kim, Jong-Wan; Chang, Young-Il
- Issue Date
- AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS AND DENTOFACIAL ORTHOPEDICS; Vol.138 3; 292-299
- Introduction: The purpose of this study was to use lateral cephalometry and computed tomography (CT) to examine the volumetric, planar, and linear changes in the pharyngeal airway after mandibular setback surgery. Methods: The pharyngeal airways of 12 subjects who underwent mandibular setback surgery at Seoul National University Dental Hospital were assessed linearly and volumetrically on lateral cephalometric radiographs and CT before surgery and 6 months after surgery. The pharynx, nasopharynx, and oropharynx were evaluated by volumetric analysis. Pharyngeal depth, airway space, pharyngeal soft-tissue thickness, and hyoid bone position were measured by linear analysis. The axial section area of the airway was measured by area analysis. Results: From the linear analysis, a significant decrease in pharyngeal depth and a significant posterior movement of the hyoid bone (P <0.05) were noted. Volumetric analysis by CT showed that the oropharynx decreased after mandibular setback surgery. However, the volume and the axial section area of the airway in the CT images did not change significantly after mandibular setback surgery (P >0.05). Conclusions: Although the structures around the mandible inevitably moved backward after mandibular setback surgery on linear analysis, physiologic deformation could occur to preserve the airway capacity after sagittal compression. (Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2010;138:292-9)
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