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남북한 지방행정체제의 통합방안
A Consolidation Plan for North and South Korean Local Administrative Systems

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Authors
이승종; 김대욱
Issue Date
2011-06
Publisher
서울대학교 행정대학원
Citation
행정논총, Vol. 49 No. 2, pp. 267-294
Keywords
남북통일지방행정체제통합방안Reunification of North Korea and South KoreaLocal administrative systemsconsolidation plans
Abstract
본 연구는 한반도 통일을 대비한 남북한 지방행정체제의 통합방안을 논의한다. 남북한 지방행정체제는 외형상 유사성에도 불구하고 실제 운영상의 차이는 큰 것으로 분석된다. 통합방안에 있어서는 급진적 통일 시나리오를 기반으로 하여, 지방행정계층, 구역, 기관구성, 중앙-지방관계, 정당-행정관계, 광역-기초관계, 지방정부-주민관계 등 지방행정체제의 제 구성요소에 대한 통합방안을 제시한다. 구체적으로 현행 3계층제의 유지 및 점차적 축소, 광역단체의 통합을 통한 효율성 향상, 기관병립형 채택, 적절한 지방분권 실시, 북한지역 정당의 민주화 및 다당제 수혈, 광역단체와 기초단체의 대등한 관계 성립 후 적절한 기능분담, 주민참여의 활성화 및 지역사회 기초주민조직 체계의 구축을 제안한다. 끝으로 추진전략으로 지방행정체제통합 추진위원회의 구성·설치, 지방공무원의 인사와 교육훈련, 지방행정통합지원기금의 마련 등을 제시한다 This article discusses a plan for consolidating local administrative systems in preparation for the reunification of North and South Korea. Despite high levels of outward similarity between the local administrative systems in the North and the South, there is considerable difference in the management of these systems. Based on a scenario of rapid reunification, this article offers a comparative analysis between North and South Korean local administration as well as guidelines for the consolidation of North and South Korean local administration levels, districts, institutions, central-local government relationships, party-administration relationships, metropolitan-local government relationships, and the relationships between residents and local government. In particular, this article suggests the following guidelines for consolidation: maintenance of the current three-tier system with a gradual reduction, metropolitan consolidation for increased efficiency, parallel structures for institutional arrangements, appropriate decentralization for central-local relationships, democratization of North Korean parties and introduction of a multiparty system, equalized metropolitan-local government relationships with appropriate functional allocations, invigoration of resident participation and increased introduction of participation mechanisms in North Korea, expansion of neighborhood councils as the basic participation mechanism in local communities. The paper concludes with the following strategic recommendations: creation of a local administrative system reunification commission, further education and training of local public personnel, and the establishment of a local administrative system consolidation support fund.
ISSN
1229-6694
Language
Korean
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/75695
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Korean Journal of Public Administration (행정논총)Korean Journal of Public Administration (행정논총) vol.49 (2011)
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