甲午改革 以後 內藏院․·經理院의 公文書 分類·管理: 접수스탬프의 분석을 중심으로 : Official Document Classification Management of Naejangwon (內藏院)-Kyungriwon (經理院) after the Gabo Reform of 1894

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서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
규장각, Vol.37, pp. 321-369
대한제국궁내부내장원경리원접수스탬프문서과 분류도장The Great Han EmpireGungnaebuNaejangwonKyeongriwonReceipt StampClassification Stamp
이 논문은 대한제국 시기 내장원ㆍ경리원 공문서의 접수스탬프를 분석하여 그 문서 분류와 관리방식을 밝히고 그것이 현재 규장각에 소장된 내장원ㆍ경리원 자료의 형성과정에 미친 영향을 분석한 것이다. 내장원ㆍ경리원에서는 1902년 7월부터 공문서를 照會, 訴狀, 報告書 등 종류별로 구분한 뒤 이를 다시 道別로 구분하여 접수스탬프를 날인하였다. 실무 문서였던 만큼 담당 부서에 배부되어 문서가 흩어져 보관되었다. 이들 문서는 해당 부서에 보관되다가 황실재정 정리과정에서 일제가 주도하던 帝室財産整理機構에 인계되었다. 이 과정에서 문서의 분류는 오히려 흐트러지는 양상을 보이게 되었고 그 결과 『經理院可考件』과 같은 형태의 재분류ㆍ재정리가 필요한 자료들이 형성되었다. 이들 문서철의 성격을 밝히고 떨어져 있는 문서들을 서로 연결시켜 줄 때 규장각에 소장된 대한제국 시기의 공문서철은 사료로서 더욱 가치를 갖게 될 것이다.

This research clarified the document classification and its management method by analyzing the receipt stamp of the official documents for Naejangwon-Kyungriwon in the period of the Korean Empire, and analyzed the influence of the receipt stamp on the documents for Naejangwon-Kyungriwon which are currently collected in the Kyujanggak. Historically, Naejangwon-Kyungriwon classified official document by sort and re-classified the documents by province. Inasmuch as these were the documents for practical business, they were distributed to the department in charge to be preserved in a scattered manner. These documents had been preserved in the proper department until they were handed over to the organization for royal family finance re-adjustment led by the Japanese Empire in the process of readjusting the royal family finance. In this process, the document classification assumed the aspect of being disheveled, and as a result, the materials requiring the form of re-classification and re-adjustment like Kyungriwongagokeon (經理院可考件) were said to be piled up.

The docu-receipt stamp system was introduced by each governmental organs according to the regulation about document management included in Article 65 Rules of document transfer between each governmental department and subdivision which was prescribed in the period of the Kabo (甲午) Reform of 1894, and not until July, 1902 did the Naejangwon, which was under the control of the royal family, introduce this system. The fact that such a late introduction of docu-receipt stamp system means that the royal family was relatively freer than governmental organs in every sort of reform on which Japan exercised its influential power.

The Naejangwon and its later self-Kyungriwon gave the receipt number by classifying the received documents into Inquiry (照會), Written Complaint (訴狀), and Report (報告書), etc. according to the sort of documents, and re-classifying the sorted documents by province. There were the documents for practical business, so they were once separately preserved after being distributed to the proper division in charge. Going over the Directory concerning document transfer (引繼에 關한 目錄), these document files were classified at least by document sort or year though they were scattered. However, after these documents were transferred to the organ for "The Bureau of Royal Property Adjustment (帝室財産整理機構), their classification came to be rather in disorder.

The document file looking topsy-turvy with a lot of inclusion of books void of reports like Kyungriwongagokeon was also slipped out of its original document file for the sake of practical business purposes. In this process, the report, which was the main document, came to remain in report files, and the publications were returned after being remitted, but they came to get together without being put back in their place; since then, they have come to this present state without the process of re-classification and re-adjustment.
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Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원)규장각규장각 (奎章閣) vol.36-37 (2010)
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