S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Family Medicine (가정의학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_가정의학전공)
Development of a pain assessment tool for the older adults in Korea: The validity and reliability of a Korean version of the geriatric pain measure (GPM-K)
- Park, JinHo; Cho, BeLong; Paek, Yujin; Yoo, SangHo; Kwon, HyukTae
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
- ARCHIVES OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS; Vol.49 2; 199-203
- Chronic pain; Validity of geriatric pain measure; Reliability of geriatric pain measure; Older adults; Pain assessment
- The purpose of this study is to develop the GPM-K and test the validity and reliability of it. GPM-K is a multidimensional pain assessment instrument for older adults. One hundred twenty-one community-dwelling old adults aged 65 and older who expressed chronic pain were included. They completed GPM-K. The Korean version of the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI-K), Korean Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form Korean version (GDSSF-K), Pain Management Index (PMI), and Elderly Life Stress Index (ELSI) were used to further validate the GPM-K. A standardized Cronbach`s alpha was 0.92, and average inter-item correlation was 0.32. Of those, who repeated the GPM-K within 2-4 weeks (n = 32), Pearson`s r correlation of test-retest reliability was statistically significant (r = 0.640). Correlation coefficient was highly significant between the GPM-K and mean pain severity of the BPI-K (r = 0.726, p < 0.001), and between the GPM-K and mean pain interference of the BPI-K (r = 0.698, p < 0.001), as well. The GPM-K was correlated with the GDSSF-K (r = 0.256), the ELSI (r = 0.312) and the PMI (r = -0.509). The GPM-K is a valid and useful instrument to assess pain and its related factors for the Korean older adults. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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