S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
Association between genetic variations of the transforming growth factor β receptor type III and asthma in a Korean population
- Kim, Hee-Kyoo; Jang, Tae-Won; Jung, Mann-Hong; Park, Heung-Woo; Shin, Eun-Soon; Min, Kyung-Up; Kim, You-Young; Cho, Sang-Heon; Lee, Jong-Eun
- Issue Date
- EXPERIMENTAL AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE; Vol.42 6; 420-427
- Asian continental ancestry group; asthma; receptors, transforming growth factor β; polymorphism, single nucleotide
- Transforming growth factor-β(TGF-β) and its receptors have been suggested to play key roles in the pathogenesis of asthma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of genetic variations in the TGF-β receptor type III (TGFBR. on asthma and on its related phenotypes in the general population. A cohort of 2,118 subjects aged from 10 to 18 years responded to a questionnaire concerning asthma symptoms and risk factors. Methacholine airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), skin test responses to common aeroallergens, and serum total IgE levels were evaluated in the cohort. A total of 19 SNPs for TGFBR3 were found using direct re-sequencing in 24 healthy adults. Of these, informative SNPs [+44T > C (S15F) and +2753G > A at 3`UTR] were selected and scored using the high throughput single base extension method. Atopy was identified in subjects with 44T > C allele [P = 0.04, OR (95% CI) = 0.79 (0.62-0.99)] and in subjects with Ht1 (CG) more frequently than in subjects with other haplotypes [P = 0.04, OR (95% CI) = 1.27(1.01-1.59)]. The A allele in 2753G>A was more common in subjects with non-atopic asthma [OR (95% CI) = 1.76 (1.01-3.05)]. A significant association was found between non-atopic asthma and 44T_2753A [OR (95% CI) = 2.16 (1.22-3.82)]. Genetic variations in TGFBR3 appear to be associated with a genetic predisposition to development of asthma and to phenotypes of asthma. Also, the minor allele 2753G and the haplotype TA in the TGFBR3 gene were associated with a pathogenesis of non-atopic asthma.