S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Preventive Medicine (예방의학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_예방의학전공)
Isoflavones from Phytoestrogens and Gastric Cancer Risk: A Nested Case-Control Study within the Korean Multicenter Cancer Cohort
- Ko, Kwang-Pil; Park, Sue K.; Park, Boyoung; Yang, Jae Jeong; Kang, Chungwon; Gwack, Jin; Kim, Yeonju; Yang, Han-Kwang; Chang, Soung-Hoon; Yoo, Keun-Young; Shin, Hai-Rim; Kang, Daehee; Kim, Jeongseon; Shin, Aesun; Kim, Cheong Sik; Cho, Lisa Y.
- Issue Date
- AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH
- CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY BIOMARKERS & PREVENTION; Vol.19 5; 1292-1300
- Background: The role of soybean products in gastric cancer risk is not clear in epidemiologic studies due to measurement error from dietary intake questionnaires and due to different degrees of bias according to study design. To examine the association between soybean products and gastric cancer risk, we measured phytoestrogen biological markers in a nested case-control study. Methods: The study population was composed of 131 cases and 393 matched controls within the Korean Multicenter Cancer Cohort. The concentrations of the four biomarkers in the plasma samples were measured using time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay. Conditional and unconditional logistic regression models were used to compute the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: Median plasma concentrations of genistein (229 nmol/L for controls, 181.8 nmol/L for cases; P = 0.07) and daidzein (131.2 nmol/L for controls, 80.5 nmol/L for cases; P = 0.04) in cases were lower than in controls, whereas equol concentrations were similar. Compared with the reference group, gastric cancer risk decreased in the highest groups for genistein (OR, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.31-0.93) and daidzein (OR, 0.21; 95% CI, 0.08-0.58). Higher equol concentrations were associated with a decreased risk for gastric cancer (OR, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.27-0.90). The combination of the highest concentrations for each isoflavone category was associated with a 0.09-fold decreased risk for gastric cancer compared with the combination of the lowest concentrations for each category. There was no association between plasma lignan concentrations and gastric cancer. Conclusions: High serumconcentrations of isoflavones were associated with a decreased risk for gastric cancer. Impact: These results suggest a beneficial effect of high soybean product intake for gastric cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 19(5); 1292-300.(C)2010 AACR.
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