S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) Journal Papers (저널논문_신경과학교실)
Risk of "silent stroke" in patients older than 60 years: risk assessment and clinical perspectives
- Lim, Jae-Sung; Kwon, Hyung-Min
- Issue Date
- DOVE MEDICAL PRESS LTD
- CLINICAL INTERVENTIONS IN AGING; Vol.5 ; 239-251
- With the increasing size of the elderly population and evolving imaging technology, silent brain infarction (SBI) has garnered attention from both the public and the physicians. Over 20% of the elderly exhibit SBI, and the prevalence of SBI increases steadily with age, ie, 30%-40% in those older than 70 years. Well-known cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension has been identified as a risk factor of SBI (odds ratio [OR] = 3.47) Besides this, blood pressure (BP) reactivity to mental stress, morning BP surges, and orthostatic BP changes have been demonstrated to contribute to the presence of SBI. Further, a metabolic syndrome not only as a whole syndrome (OR = 2.18) but also as individual components could have an influence on SBI. Increased C-reactive protein and interleukin-6, coronary artery disease, body mass index, and alcohol consumption have also been associated with SBI. The ORs and - possible mechanisms have been discussed in this article. Overt stroke, dementia, depression, and aspiration pneumonia were all associated with SBI. (overt stroke: hazard ratio [HR] = 1.9, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.2-2.8; dementia: HR = 2.26, 95% CI: 1.09-4.70). We also looked into their close relationship with SBI in this review.