S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
Clinical outcomes of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species: A retrospective matched case-control study
- Song, Kyoung-Ho; Jeon, Jae Hyun; Park, Wan Beom; Park, Sang-Won; Oh, Myoung-don; Kim, Nam Joong; Choe, Kang Won; Lee, Hyo-Suk; Kim, Hong Bin
- Issue Date
- BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
- BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES; Vol.9 ;41
- Background: Clinical outcomes of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species (ESBL-EK) have not been adequately investigated. Methods: We conducted a retrospective matched case-control study to evaluate the outcomes of SBP due to ESBL-EK compared with those due to non-ESBL-EK. Cases were defined as patients with liver cirrhosis and SBP due to ESBL-EK isolated from ascites. Control patients with liver cirrhosis and SBP due to non-ESBL-EK were matched in a 3: 1 ratio to cases according to the following five variables: age (+/- 5 years); gender; species of infecting organism; Child-Pugh score (+/- 2); Acute Physiological and Chronic Health Evaluation II score (+/- 2). `Effective initial therapy` was defined as less than 72 hours elapsing between the time of obtaining a sample for culture and the start of treatment with an antimicrobial agent to which the EK was susceptible. Cephalosporin use for ESBL-EK was considered `ineffective`, irrespective of the minimum inhibitory concentration. ESBL production was determined according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines on stored isolates. Results: Of 1026 episodes of SBP in 958 patients from Jan 2000 through Dec 2006, 368 (35.9%) episodes in 346 patients were caused by SBP due to EK, isolated from ascites. Of these 346 patients, twenty-six (7.5%) patients with SBP due to ESBL-EK were compared with 78 matched controls. Treatment failure, evaluated at 72 hours after initial antimicrobial therapy, was greater among the cases (15/26, 58% vs. 10/78, 13%, P = .006); 30-day mortality rate was also higher than in the controls (12/26, 46% vs. 11/78, 15%, P = .001). When the case were classified according to the effectiveness of the initial therapy, `ineffective initial therapy` was associated with higher 30-day mortality rate (11/18, 61% vs. 1/8, 13%, P = .036). Conclusion: SBP due to ESBL-EK had poorer outcomes than SBP due to non-ESBL-EK. Ineffective initial therapy seems to be responsible for the higher rate of treatment failure and mortality in SBP due to ESBL-EK.