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The burden and characteristics of tuberculosis/human immunodeficiency virus (TB/HIV) in South Korea: a study from a population database and a survey

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dc.contributor.authorLee, Chang-Hoon-
dc.contributor.authorHwang, Ji-young-
dc.contributor.authorOh, Dae-Kyu-
dc.contributor.authorKee, Mee-Kyung-
dc.contributor.authorAn, Jung-wook-
dc.contributor.authorDo, Heonsook-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Sung Soon-
dc.contributor.authorNam, Jeong-Gu-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Hwahyun-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Hee-Jin-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Jinhyun-
dc.contributor.authorOh, Eunjung-
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-25T05:06:24Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-25T05:06:24Z-
dc.date.issued2010-03-12-
dc.identifier.citationBMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES; Vol.10 ;66ko_KR
dc.identifier.issn1471-2334-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/77382-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Although, in South Korea, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) keeps increasing and tuberculosis(TB) burden is still significant, there have been few reports on TB/HIV cases. In this study, we investigated the burden and characteristics of TB/HIV patients in South Korea, an area with intermediate burden of TB and a low prevalent area with HIV/AIDS. Methods: We identified patients with TB and cases with HIV between January 1 2001 and December 31 2005, from nationwide reporting system (TBnet and HIV/AIDS registry) through an electronic record linkage method. A questionnaire survey was also conducted and determined the rate of diagnosis of HIV among TB cases in public health units in 2005. Results: The number of cases with both HIV and TB was 137 (0.07% among 197,562 TB cases) and the newly detected TB/HIV cases per 100,000 population was increasing annually: 2001, 0.025; 2002, 0.031; 2003, 0.025; 2004, 0.071; 2005, 0.095. Males between 20 and 59 years of age accounted for 87.6% of TB/HIV patients. Compared with patients with TB alone, those with TB/HIV had a higher percentage of extrapulmonary TB (8.0% vs 19.0%; p < 0.0001). The standardized prevalence ratio (SPR) of HIV among patients with TB was 18.46 (95% CI, 15.50-21.83). SPR of HIV among male TB patients aged 20-59 and extrapulmonary TB cases was 39.64 (95% CI, 32.87-47.40) and 43.21 (95% CI, 28.22-63.31) respectively. Through a questionnaire survey of public health units, six patients (0.08%) were confirmed as having HIV among 7,871 TB patients in public health centers in 2005, which is similar to the result from the study through nationwide reporting systems. Conclusions: The prevalence rate of TB/HIV patients is still low but increasing in South Korea. Physicians should consider performing HIV tests among TB patients, especially in higher-risk groups, such as young males with extrapulmonary TB in South Korea.ko_KR
dc.language.isoenko_KR
dc.publisherBIOMED CENTRAL LTDko_KR
dc.titleThe burden and characteristics of tuberculosis/human immunodeficiency virus (TB/HIV) in South Korea: a study from a population database and a surveyko_KR
dc.typeArticleko_KR
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor이창훈-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor황지영-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor오대규-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor기미경-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor오은정-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor안정욱-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor김진현-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor도헌숙-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor김희진-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor김성순-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor김화현-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor남정구-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1471-2334-10-66-
dc.citation.journaltitleBMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES-
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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