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Mitochondrial metabolism and diabetes

Cited 20 time in Web of Science Cited 20 time in Scopus
Authors
Kwak, Soo Heon; Park, Kyong Soo; Lee, Ki-Up; Lee, Hong Kyu
Issue Date
2010-10
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Citation
JOURNAL OF DIABETES INVESTIGATION; Vol.1 5; 161-169
Keywords
Insulin resistanceMitochondrial dysfunctionType 2 diabetes mellitus
Abstract
The oversupply of calories and sedentary lifestyle has resulted in a rapid increase of diabetes prevalence worldwide. During the past two decades, lines of evidence suggest that mitochondrial dysfunction plays a key role in the pathophysiology of diabetes. Mitochondria are vital to most of the eukaryotic cells as they provide energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate by oxidative phosphorylation. In addition, mitochondrial function is an integral part of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cells. In the present article, we will briefly review the major functions of mitochondria in regard to energy metabolism, and discuss the genetic and environmental factors causing mitochondrial dysfunction in diabetes. In addition, the pathophysiological role of mitochondrial dysfunction in insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction are discussed. We argue that mitochondrial dysfunction could be the central defect causing the abnormal glucose metabolism in the diabetic state. A deeper understanding of the role of mitochondria in diabetes will provide us with novel insights in the pathophysiology of diabetes. (J Diabetes Invest, doi: 10.1111/j.2040-1124.2010.00047.x, 2010)
ISSN
2040-1116
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/77460
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2040-1124.2010.00047.x
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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