S-Space College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학) Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
Antimicrobial and human cancer cell cytotoxic effect of synthetic angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptides
- Jang, Aera; Jo, Cheorun; Kang, Kyung-Sun; Lee, Mooha
- Issue Date
- Food Chemistry, 107, 327-336
- Four peptides with high angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory effect were separated from beef sarcoplasmic protein hydrolysates using commercial enzymes. They were identified as GFHI, DFHING, FHG, and GLSDGEWQ and their 50% inhibition concentration (IC50) values against ACE were 117, 64.3, 52.9, and 50.5 μg/ml, respectively. These peptides were synthesised and further biological activities of these four peptides were measured, including antimicrobial, cytotoxic effect against cancer cells, and macrophage-stimulating effect. Peptide GLSDGEWQ showed growth inhibition on Salmonella Typhimurium, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, and Listeria monocytogenes at a 100 ppm level but not on Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Peptide GFHI showed higher inhibition activity on the growth of E. coli and P. aeruginosa at concentrations of 200 and 400 μg/ml. However, peptide FHG inhibited only P. aeruginosa at 200 and 400 μg/ml. The effect of separated peptides on breast cancer (MCF-7), lung cancer (A549), and stomach cancer (AGS) cell viability was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Peptide GFHI showed a slight decrease of MCF-7 cell viability in a dose dependent manner. When 400 μg/ml of peptide GFHI was applied to the AGS cell, its viability was decreased by 75%. However, peptide DFHINQ seemed to act as a nutrient to AGS cell because it increased its viability. None of the four peptides had a cytotoxic effect on A549 cells. Nitric oxide (NO) production of peptide GFHI by stimulation of macrophage was investigated at 100, 300, and 1000 μg/ml concentration. NO was not produced in all treatments. From these results it is expected that the ACE inhibitory peptides identified from beef sarcoplasmic protein hydrolysates have both antimicrobial and cancer cell cytotoxic effects.
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