S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Biomedical Engineering (의공학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_의공학전공)
Red blood cell quantification microfluidic chip using polyelectrolytic gel electrodes
Cited 23 time in Web of Science Cited 24 time in Scopus
- Issue Date
- WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
- ELECTROPHORESIS; Vol.30 9; 1464-1469
- This paper reports on a novel microfluidic chip with polyelectrolytic gel electrodes (PGEs) used to rapidly count the number of red blood cells (RBCs) in diluted whole blood. The proposed microdevice is based on the principle that the impedance across a microchannel between two PGEs varies sensitively as RBCs pass through it. The number and amplitude of impedance peaks provide the information about the number and size of RBCs, respectively. This system features a low-voltage dc detection method and non-contact condition between cells and metal electrodes. Major advantages include stable detection under varying cellular flow rate and position in the microchannel, little chance of cell damage due to high electric field gradient and no surface fouling of the metal electrodes. The performance of this PGEs-based system was evaluated in three steps. First, in order to observe the size-only dependence of the impedance signal, three different sizes of fluorescent microbeads (7.2, 10.0, and 15.0 mu m; Bangs laboratories, USA) were used in the experiment. Second, the cell counting performance was evaluated by using 7.2 mu m fluorescent microbeads, similar in size to RBCs, in various concentrations and comparing the results with an animal hematoanalyzer (MS 9-5; Melet schloesing laboratories, France). Finally, in human blood sample tests, intravenously collected whole blood was just diluted in a PBS without centrifuge or other pretreatments. The PGE-based system produced almost identical number of RBCs in over 800-fold diluted samples to the results from a commercialized human hematoanalyzer (HST-N402XE; Sysmex, Japan).
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