Chorioretinal Ischemia and Angiogenic Milieu Following Photodynamic Therapy

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Moon, Jun Woong; Kim, Young Joo; Khwarg, Sang In; Chung, Hum; Yu, Hyeong Gon

Issue Date
CURRENT EYE RESEARCH; Vol.35 4; 314-321
Chorioretinal ischemiaVascularendothelial growth factorPhotodynamic therapyHypoxia-inducible factorInsulin-like growth factor
Purpose: To investigate the development of chorioretinal ischemia and expression of angiogenic factors following photodynamic therapy (PDT) in normal rat chorioretina. Materials and Methods: Pimonidazole (hypoxia marker) was intraperitoneally administrated 15 min before PDT (to identify the intra-PDT ischemia) and at 10 days and 20 days after PDT (to identify post-PDT ischemia) in 14 Brown-Norway rats (4 rats at each point and 2 rats serving as controls). After enucleation and cryosection at each point, immunohistofluorescent (IHF) staining for pimonidazole was evaluated with confocal scanning microscopy. In another 14 rats, the expression of angiogenic factors following PDT was demonstrated in PDT-irradiated normal chorioretina. Four rats were randomly selected at 3, 7, and 14 days following PDT with 2 rats serving as controls (verteporfin-/laser-). The expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), insulin-like growth factor (IGF), and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1a were evaluated at each point. Diode laser (689 nm, 25 J/cm(2)) was irradiated before verteporfin infusion in the left eye (verteporfin-/laser+) and after infusion in the right eye (verteporfin+/laser+) in each experiment. Results: Intensity of pimonidazole uptake increased during PDT and at 10 and 20 days following PDT. The intensity of pimonidazole was the most pronounced immediately after PDT irradiation, but VEGF expression was rarely detected immediately after PDT. VEGF, IGF, and HIF-1a expression increased at 3 days and 7 days. At 14 days after PDT, the expression of VEGF was sustained, but that of IGF and HIF-1a was irregular. Conclusions: These results show that significant chorioretinal ischemia develops in the irradiated area following PDT and that the ischemia is most pronounced during PDT irradiation. Along with post-PDT overexpression of angiogenic factors, this may be a mechanism contributing to PDT resistance or recurrence of chorioretinal neovascular lesions.
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Ophthalmology (안과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_안과학전공)
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