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Three-Dimensional MDCT for Preoperative Local Staging of Gastric Cancer Using Gas and Water Distention Methods: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Cited 17 time in Web of Science Cited 19 time in Scopus
Authors
Park, Hee Sun; Lee, Jeong Min; Kim, Se Hyung; Lee, Jae Young; Han, Joon Koo; Choi, Byung Ihn; Yang, Han-Kwang
Issue Date
2010-12
Publisher
AMER ROENTGEN RAY SOC
Citation
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ROENTGENOLOGY; Vol.195; no.6; 1316-1323
Keywords
3D reconstructionstomachsurface shaded displayoral contrastagentCTMDCTneoplasm
Abstract
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to compare the T-staging accuracy and lesion detectability of MDCT with gas distention versus water distention according to the surgical and histopathologic findings, for the preoperative evaluation of gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS. For a 3-month period, 113 consecutive patients (72 men and 41 women; age range, 23-85 years; mean age, 58 years) with 116 surgically confirmed gastric cancers from a single institution were included in our study. All patients had undergone preoperative MDCT with either effervescent granules taken orally (n = 55) or after having drunk 1,000 mL of tap water (n = 58) to create gastric distention. In addition to transverse images, multiplanar reformation images and 3D surface shaded display images were also obtained with gas distention CT, and multiplanar reformation images were obtained with water distention CT. The CT images were retrospectively reviewed by two abdominal radiologists separately with regard to T staging and lesion detectability. The accuracy values were compared between the two methods using Fisher`s exact test. RESULTS. The T-staging accuracy for gastric cancer did not differ significantly between gas distention and water distention CT scans, according to both radiologists (p > 0.05). Furthermore, the staging accuracy values for T1a cancers on gas distention CT scans for radiologists 1 and 2 were also comparable with those of water distention CT scans (91.1% vs 85% for radiologist 1 and 89.3% vs 85% for radiologist 2; p > 0.05). However, the tumor detection rate was significantly higher on gas distention CT scans using 2D and surface shaded display images for both radiologists (94.6% for radiologist 1 and 91.1% for radiologist 2), compared with the rates for water distention CT scans (78.3% and 73.3%) or gas distention CT scans using only 2D images (75.0% and 67.9%) (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION. MDCT using the gas distention technique showed performance comparable to that of the water distention technique for the T staging of preoperative gastric cancer with better lesion detectability.
ISSN
0361-803X
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/77924
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.10.4320
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Surgery (외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_외과학전공)
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