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Overexpression of p53, Mutation of hMLH1 and Microsatellite Instability in Gastric Carcinomas: Clinicopathologic Implications and Prognosis

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Authors
Kwon, Junsik; Lee, Ju-Hee; Jee, Ye Seob; Park, Do-Jung; Lee, Hyuk-Joon; Lee, Kuhn Uk; Lee, Hye Seung; Yang, Han-Kwang; Kim, Hyung-Ho
Issue Date
2010-08
Publisher
KOREAN SURGICAL SOCIETY
Citation
JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN SURGICAL SOCIETY; Vol.79(2); 94-102
Keywords
Gastric cancerp53CarcinogenesisMicrosatellite instabilityhMLH1
Abstract
Purpose: Mutated p53 is a tumor suppressor gene, hMLH1 is a mismatch repair gene, and hypermethylation of hMLH1 follows microsatellite instability (MSI). This research`s aim is to investigate mutated p53, inactivated hMLH1 and MSI in gastric cancer and their clinicopathologic implications. Methods: Between 2003 and 2007, 618 patients underwent curative radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital in Korea. We reviewed their medical charts and the pathologic reports with immunohistochemistry for p53, hMLH1 and polymerase chain reaction for MSI in 509, 499, and 561 cases, respectively. These genetic markers were statistically compared with clinicopathologic features and postoperative survival. Results: The expression ratios of mutated p53, inactivated hMLH1, and MSI were 32.8%, 8.4%, and 8.7%, respectively. Mutation of p53 occurred more frequently in aged group (over 40), differentiated group (against the non-differentiated group), intestinal type, infiltrative type and positive lymph node metastasis group. Inactivated hMLH1 occurred more frequently in aged group, differentiated group, intestinal type and expanding growth type group. MSI was found more frequently in aged group, intestinal type and expanding growth type group. All three genetic markers had no significant associations with the 5-year survival. Conclusion: We identified significant relationships between mutated p53, inactivated hMLH1, and MSI with some clinicopathologic features of gastric cancer. However, there were no apparent relationships between p53, hMLH1, and MSI and prognosis.
ISSN
2233-7903
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/77968
DOI
https://doi.org/10.4174/jkss.2010.79.2.94
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Surgery (외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_외과학전공)
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