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Scar-Free Technique for Inverted-Nipple Correction

Cited 17 time in Web of Science Cited 22 time in Scopus
Issue Date
2010-02
Publisher
SPRINGER
Citation
AESTHETIC PLASTIC SURGERY; Vol.34 1; 116-119
Keywords
Inverted nippleTriangular flapScar free technique
Abstract
Background Inverted nipples are associated with aesthetic, functional, and psychological problems. In moderate to severe cases, triangular areolar dermal flap-based methods can effectively correct the condition. A triangular areolar dermal flap supports the nipple base as a result of a hammock-like action and fills the dead space beneath the nipple. However, these flaps leave visible scars on or deform the areola. Methods The authors describe a new technique based on the use of two triangular flaps. Compared with other techniques that use triangular flaps, the described technique does not involve areolar skin. Instead, triangular dermal flaps are elevated under the areolar skin, which overcomes the visible scarring issue. The devised technique has been used to correct 87 inverted nipples of 46 patients at our institute. Results No complications or recurrences were encountered, and resulting scars were almost invisible. All patients were satisfied with their postoperative results. Conclusion The described technique is straightforward and reliable and does not leave visible scars on areolar skin. In particular, it has been found to be especially useful for treating moderately to severely inverted nipples.
ISSN
0364-216X
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/78204
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00266-009-9436-7
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Plastic Surgery (성형외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_성형외과학전공)
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