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White matter neuroplastic changes in long-term trained players of the game of "Baduk" (GO): A voxel-based diffusion-tensor imaging study

Cited 66 time in Web of Science Cited 66 time in Scopus
Authors
Lee, Boreom; Park, Ji-Young; Jung, Wi Hoon; Kim, Hee Sun; Choi, Chi-Hoon; Kang, Do-Hyung; Kwon, Jun Soo; Jang, Joon Hwan; Oh, Jungsu S.
Issue Date
2010-08-01
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Citation
NEUROIMAGE; Vol.52 1; 9-19
Keywords
BadukBrain developmentNeural plasticityDiffusion-tensor imagingCognitive execution
Abstract
Currently, one of the most challenging issues in modern neuroscience is learning-induced neural plasticity Many researchers have identified activation-dependent structural brain plasticity in gray and white matter The game of Baduk is known to require many cognitive processes, and long-term training in such processes would be expected to cause structural changes in related brain areas We conducted voxel-based analyses of diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) data and found that, compared to inexperienced controls, long-term trained Baduk players developed larger regions of white matter with increased fractional anisotropy (FA) values in the frontal, cingulum, and striato-thalamic areas that are related to attentional control, working memory, executive regulation, and problem-solving In addition, inferior temporal regions with increased FA indicate that Baduk experts tend to develop a task-specific template for the game, as compared to controls. In contrast, decreased FA found in dorsolateral premotor and parietal areas indicate that Baduk experts were less likely than were controls to use structures related to load-dependent memory capacity Right-side dominance in Baduk experts suggests that the tasks involved are mainly spatial processes Altogether, long-term Baduk training appears to cause structural brain changes associated with many of the cognitive aspects necessary for game play, and investigation of the mechanism underpinning such changes might be helpful for improving higher-order cognitive capacities, such as learning, abstract reasoning, and self-control, which can facilitate education and cognitive therapies (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
ISSN
1053-8119
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/78444
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.04.014
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Psychiatry (정신과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정신과학전공)
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