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Evaluation of equine cecal motility by ausculation, ultrasonography and electrointestinography after jejunocecostomy

Cited 14 time in Web of Science Cited 14 time in Scopus
Authors
Sasaki, Naoki; Murata, Aya; Lee, Inhyung; Yamada, Haruo
Issue Date
2007-06-13
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Res. Vet. Sci 84, 305-310
Keywords
ElectrointestinographyHorseIntestinal motilityJejunocecostomyPostoperative ileus
Abstract
Objective
Horses often suffer reduced intestinal motility after jejunocecostomy. Therefore, accurate evaluation of intestinal motility is important for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of this condition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate intestinal motility in horses after jejunocecostomy using three different methods, i.e. auscultation, ultrasonography and electrointestinography.

Animals
Six healthy thoroughbreds were used in this study. They were subjected to jejunocecostomy.

Procedure
Bowel sounds in the right paralumbar fossa were assigned a score of 0–3 for intestinal motility evaluation by auscultation, and the number of cecal contractions during a 3-min period were counted by ultrasonography. Electrointestinography (EIG) was used to measure percutaneous potential of the cecum.

Results
We identified three specific postoperative periods: the period of reduced intestinal motility (postoperative day 1 to day 2), in which intestinal motility declined, the unstable period (day 3 to day 7), in which intestinal motility partially recovered, and the full recovery period (day 8 to day 31), in which intestinal motility returned to preoperative state. Careful management was found to be especially important during the period of reduced intestinal motility and the unstable period. We found that, in healthy horses that underwent jejunocecostomy, it takes approximately one month for the cecum to return to normal motility patterns observed before surgery.

Conclusion
We have shown in this study that evaluation of intestinal motility after jejunocecostomy in horses by EIG is more objective and provides more details than evaluation by auscultation or ultrasonography.
ISSN
0034-5288
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/7874
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2007.04.009
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College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학)Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
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