S-Space College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학) Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
Transforming growth factor-β1 regulates the fate of cultured spinal cord-derived neural progenitor cells
- Park, S. M.; Jung, J. S.; Jang, M. S.; Kang, Kyung-Sun; Kang, S. K.
- Issue Date
- Cell Prolif. 41, 248-264
- Objectives: We have evaluated the physiological roles of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) on differentiation, migration, proliferation and anti-apoptosis characteristics of cultured spinal cord-derived neural progenitor cells. Methods: We have used neural progenitor cells that had been isolated and cultured from mouse spinal cord tissue, and we also assessed the relevant reaction mechanisms using an activin-like kinase (ALK)-specific inhibitory system including an inhibitory RNA, and found that it involved potential signalling molecules such as phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase (PI3K)/Akt and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2). Results and Conclusions: Transforming growth factor-β1-mediated cell population growth was activated after treatment and was also effectively blocked by an ALK41517-synthetic inhibitor (4-(5-benzo(1,3) dioxol-5-yl-4-pyridine-2-yl-1H-imidazole-2-yl) benzamide (SB431542) and ALK siRNA, thereby indicating the involvement of SMAD2 in the TGF-β1-mediated growth and migration of these neural progenitors cells (NPC). In the present study, TGF-β1 actively induced NPC migration in vitro. Furthermore, TGF-β1 demonstrated extreme anti-apoptotic behaviour against hydrogen peroxide-mediated apoptotic cell death. At low dosages, TGF-β1 enhanced (by approximately 76%) cell survival against hydrogen peroxide treatment via inactivation of caspase-3 and -9. TGF-β1-treated NPCs down-regulated Bax expression and cytochrome c release; in addition, the cells showed up-regulated Bcl-2 and thioredoxin reductase 1. They also had increased p38, Akt and ERK1/2 phosphorylation, showing the involvement of both the PI3K/Akt and MAPK/ERK1/2 pathways in the neuroprotective effects of TGF-β1. Interestingly, these effects operate on specific subtypes of cells, including neurones, neural progenitor cells and astrocytes in cultured spinal cord tissue-derived cells. Lesion sites of spinal cord-overexpressing TGF-β1-mediated prevention of cell death, cell growth and migration enhancement activity have been introduced as a possible new basis for therapeutic strategy in treatment of neurodegenerative disorders, including spinal cord injuries.
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