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Changes in eating behaviors and body weight in Koreans: The HealthyTwin Study

Cited 13 time in Web of Science Cited 13 time in Scopus
Authors
Song, Yun-Mi; Lee, Kayoung; Sung, Joohon; Yang, Yun Joo
Issue Date
2013-01
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
NUTRITION Vol.29 No.1, pp. 66-70
Keywords
복합학Dutch Eating Behavior QuestionnaireChange in eating behaviorWeight changeGenetic effectsSex
Abstract
Objective: We examined the associations between eating behavior at baseline and changes ineating behaviors with weight change, and quantified the contribution of eating behavior andgenetic effects on weight change.Methods: A prospective study of male (n ¼ 482) and female (n ¼ 879) Korean twins and familymembers who were weighed and assessed twice (baseline visit from December 2005 to December2008, follow-up visit 2.7 0.9 y later) using eating behavior subscales (external, emotional, andrestrained eating) as measured by the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire.Results: After adjusting for family variables, eating behavior subscales at baseline, changes inemotional and restrained eating, age, education, weight, and lifestyle at baseline, and menopausalstatus at baseline (for women), an increase in external eating was significantly associated withweight gain in men (1.08, 95% confidence interval 0.41.1.74) and in women (0.63, 95% confidenceinterval 0.13.1.12). None of the three eating behavior subscales at baseline or changes in emotionaland restrained eating were associated with weight change. Eating behavior at baseline and changesin those eating behaviors accounted for 4% and 1% of the changes in weight in men and women,respectively. Additive genetic effects in women contributed to 18% of weight change, whereas inmen there was no genetic contribution.Conclusions: These results suggest that an increase in external eating may predict adult weight gainin men and women. However, the relative contribution of eating behavior to weight change wasvery small, whereas the contribution of genetic effects on weight change was significant in women.
ISSN
0939-4753
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/79881
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2012.03.014
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Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원)Dept. of Public Health (보건학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_보건학과)
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