High Power-Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser as a New Stimulus to Induce BMP-2 Expression in MC3T3-E1 Osteoblasts

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Kim, In Sook; Cho, Tae Hyung; Kim, Kwansik; Weber, Franz E.; Hwang, Soon Jung

Issue Date
LASERS IN SURGERY AND MEDICINE; Vol.42, No.6, pp.510-518
bone, BMP-2, high-power laserNd:YAGosteoblast differentiation
Background and Objective: High-power laser has recently become a physical stimulus for bone regeneration. Little is known about how high-power laser irradiation affects osteoblast differentiation This study investigated osteoblast responses to high-power laser and combined irradiation with BMP-2 treatment. Study Design/Materials and Methods: MC3T3-E1 preosteoblasts were exposed to laser irradiation, 100 ng/ml BMP-2 or both. Cells were irradiated with a Q-switched, pulsed neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser, with a 1,064 nm wavelength and 0.75W output power under 1.5, 3, or 5 J/cm(2) energy densities. Cell proliferation was evaluated using tetrazolium salt, WST-8 To determine the effect of these treatments on in vitro osteogenesis, we examined alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, mineral deposition, and expression of genes associated with osteogenesis Quantitative real time PCR or ELISA was used to examine cytokine expression In each experiment, either non-irradiated or BMP-2 (100 ng/m1)-treated cells were used as controls. Results: High-power, low-level, Nd:YAG laser irradiation significantly increased ALP activity, when combined with BMP-2 or not Cell proliferation declined in the irradiation and combined irradiation/BMP-2 groups. Interestingly, Nd YAG laser stimulation resulted in significant induction of endogenous BMP-2 protein and gene expression The increased expression of upstream regulators cbfal by Nd YAG laser alone was comparable to exogenous BMP-2 treatment (100 ng/ml) Combined laser/BMP-2 treatment was synergistic in the expression of some genes (IGF-1, cbfal) and ALP activity, compared to both BMP-2 treatment and laser irradiation alone. In vitro matrix mineralization was significantly accelerated by laser stimulation compared to that of the control, more so than with the combined laser/BMP-2 treatment. Conclusions: The present in vitro findings demonstrate that high-power, low-level Nd:YAG laser increased osteoblast activity, very efficiently accelerating mineral deposition. Osteoinductive effect of laser is likely mediated by activation of BMP-2-related signaling pathway. Lasers Surg Med 42:510-518, 2010 (C) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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