The effect of resin matrix composition on the polymerization shrinkage and rheological properties of experimental dental composites

Cited 73 time in Web of Science Cited 83 time in Scopus

Ellakwa, Ayman; Cho, Nakyeon; Lee, In Bog

Issue Date
DENTAL MATERIALS, Vol.23, No.10, pp.1229-1235
resin matrixBis-GMATEGDMAUDMApolymerization shrinkagerheological propertydental composite
Objectives. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of the resin matrix composition of experimental composites on their polymerization shrinkage and rheological properties. Methods. Six experimental composites consisting of varying ratios of Bis-GMA, TEGDMA, and UDMA were made. All composites had the same amount of filler (barium-aluminum-silicate glass, 76.5 wt.%) and initiator concentrations (camphorquinone, 1.7 wt.%). To investigate the effects of different resin matrices on the polymerization shrinkage, a newly developed measurement method was used. Using a rotational rheometer, a dynamic oscillatory shear test was undertaken to evaluate the rheological properties, including the storage shear modulus (G`), loss shear modulus (G"), loss tangent (tan 6), phase angle (8), and complex viscosity of the experimental composites as a function of frequency (0.1-10Hz). Results. The polymerization shrinkage and complex viscosity of the experimental composites ranged from 2.61 to 3.88 vol.% and from 3.8 to 181.4 Pas, respectively. The experimental composite composed of 17.5% Bis-GMA and 4.4% TEGDMA showed the lowest shrinkage and highest viscosity. The composite composed of 8.7% Bis-GMA and 13.1% TEGDMA showed the highest shrinkage and lowest viscosity. With increasing TEGDMA content, the polymerization shrinkage increased but the viscosity decreased. The substitution of UDMA for TEGDMA reduced the shrinkage level but increased viscosity There was an inverse relationship between the polymerization shrinkage and complex viscosity. All experimental composites exhibited pseudoplasticity. Significance. Within the limitations of this study, resin matrix composition significantly affected the volumetric shrinkage and rheological properties of the experimental composites. (C) 2006 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Appears in Collections:
College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.