Patients with positional versus nonpositional obstructive sleep apnea: A retrospective study of risk factors associated with apnea-hypopnea severity

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Chung, Jin Woo; Enciso, Reyes; Levendowski, Daniel J; Westbrook, Philip R; Clark, Glenn T

Issue Date
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology; Vol.110, No.5, pp.605-610
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in and risk factors for positional and nonpositional obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Study design One hundred twenty-three nonpositional (supine apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] < 2 times the lateral AHI), 218 positional (supine AHI < 2 times the lateral AHI), and 109 age-, gender-, and BMI-matched patients with positional OSA performed 2 nights of sleep study. Gender, age, BMI, and percentage of time in supine position, and percentage of time snoring louder than 40 dB were evaluated as risk factors. Results Both unmatched positional and matched positional patients had less severe overall AHI values, higher mean SpO 2, lower percentage time SpO 2 less than 90%, and lower percentage of time snoring when compared with the nonpositional group. Overall AHI scores were associated with increasing age and percentage of time snoring for positional and nonpositional groups. However, BMIs were associated with the overall AHI only in the nonpositional group. Conclusion The influence of position on OSA severity may contribute to the choice and prognosis of treatment and may represent 2 distinct groups with probable anatomic differences. ⓒ 2010 Mosby, Inc.
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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