S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_정형외과학전공)
Prevalence and morphologic features of ponticulus posticus in Koreans: analysis of 312 radiographs and 225 three-dimensional CT scans.
- Issue Date
- Korean Society of Spine Surgery
- Asian Spine Journal Vol.1 No.1, pp. 27-31
- Study design: A retrospective review of three-dimensional CT scan images and radiographs.Purpose: To investigate the prevalence and morphologic features of ponticulus posticus in Koreans.Overview-of-Literature: There has been little reported on the prevalence morphologic characteristics of ponticulus posticus in Asians, predisposing them to vertebral artery injury during screw placement in the lateral mass of the atlas.Methods: The presence and types of ponticulus posticus were investigated on 225 consecutive cervical three-dimensional CT scans and 312 consecutive digital lateral cephalometric head radiographs.Results: Various spectra of ponticulus were found in 26% of the CT scans and 14% of the radiographs.Conclusion: Ponticulus posticus is a relatively common anomaly in Koreans. Therefore, the presence of this anomaly should be carefully examined for on radiographs before lateral mass screw placement. If ponticulus posticus is suspected confirmed on radiographs, three-dimensional CT scanning should be considered before placement of lateral mass screws into the posterior arch, especially given its wide variation of size and shape.
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