Analysis of the Definition and Utility of Personal Health RecordsUsing Q Methodology
- Kim, Jeongeun; Bates, David W.
- Issue Date
- JOURNAL MEDICAL INTERNET RESEARCH
- JOURNAL OF MEDICAL INTERNET RESEARCH Vol.13 No.4, pp. e106-e106
- 복합학; Personal health record; P-sample; Q-sample; Q-statement; qualitative research; self-efficacy
- Background: Personal health records (PHRs) remain a relatively new technology and concept in practice even though they
have been discussed in the literature for more than 50 years. There is no consensus on the definition of a PHR or PHR system
even within the professional societies of health information technology.
Objective: Our objective was to analyze and classify the opinions of health information professionals regarding the definitions
of the PHR.
Method: Q methodology was used to explore the concept of the PHR. A total of 50 Q-statements were selected and rated by
45 P-samples consisting of health information professionals. We analyzed the resulting data by using Q methodology-specific
software and SPSS.
Result: We selected five types of health information professionals opinions: type I, public interest centered; type II, health
information standardization centered; type III, health consumer centered; type IV, health information security centered; and type
V, health consumer convenience centered. The Q-statements with the highest levels of agreement were as follows: (1) the PHR
is the lifetime record of personal health information, (2) the PHR is the representation of health 2.0, and (3) security is the most
important requirement of the PHR. The most disagreed-with Q-statements were (1) the PHR is a paper-based system, and (2) it
is most effective to carry the PHR information in USB storage.
Conclusion: Health information professionals agree that PHRs should be lifetime records, that they will be useful as more
information is stored electronically, and that data security is paramount. To maximize the benefits of PHR, activation strategies
should be developed and extended across disciplines and professionals so that patients begin to receive the benefits associate
with using PHRs.
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