Factors influencing health-promoting behaviors in Korean breast cancer survivors
- Yi, Myungsun; Kim, Jeongeun
- Issue Date
- EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY NURSING Vol.17 No.2, pp. 138–145
- 복합학; Health promotion; Internaleexternal control; Social support; Depression; Breast neoplasms; Survivors
- Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among internal health locus of
control, depression, social support, and health-promoting behaviors in Korean breast cancer survivors
and to identify factors influencing health-promoting behaviors.
Method: A predictive design was used. The data were collected by questionnaires from a convenience
sample of 258 breast cancer survivors in Korea during 2007. The data were analyzed using descriptive
statistics, t-tests, one-way ANOVA, Pearsons correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression.
Results: When differences of health-promoting lifestyle based on demographic and illness-related
characteristics were examined, no significant differences were found except for undergoing chemotherapy.
Internal health locus of control, depression, and social support were correlated significantly with
the health-promoting lifestyle. As a result of stepwise multiple regression analysis, social support,
depression, and chemotherapy were discovered to account for 34.98% of the variance in healthpromoting
lifestyle. The variable that most affected a health-promoting lifestyle was social support,
followed by chemotherapy and depression.
Conclusions: The results of the study clearly demonstrate the importance of social support and depression
in explaining the occurrence of a health-promoting lifestyle among Korean breast cancer survivors.
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