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국어 온도 표현 어휘의 발달에 대하여 : A Historical Study of Korean Temperature Words

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서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
한국문화, Vol.57, pp. 249-275
temperature words,warm sensory wordscold sensory wordsreduplication, glottalizationanalogy
국어에는 자연 세계나 외부 대상의 온도를 미세한 차이까지 표현할 수 있는 실로 다양한 어휘가 존재한다. 감각 어휘의 발달이 국어 문법의 큰 특정임은 주지의 사실인바 온도 표현 어휘도 그 한 부류로서 대단히 풍부하게 발달해 있음은 온도 표현과 관련된 다음의 형용사 목록을 보면 알 수 있다.
πlÏs paper considered how temperature words of Korean have changed and

developed since Middle Korean. Middle Korean had a simple but well-ιordered

lexical system of temperature words. Throughout the modem period temperature

words of Korean show the tendency to become more detailed and varied. Among

warm sensory words, firstly, formal changes can be seen in the words with

cJat-/deut- roots. Temperature words that express a detailed difference of degree by

addition of suffixes such as cJasahacJa/deuseuhacJa, cJasaropcJa, cJasapcJa were formed.

Also, Datdat-/deutdeut-, words formed by stem reduplication, underwent glottaliz때on

to become dcJatcJat-/ddeutdeut- in the modem period. From the glo다alized

ddeutdeut-, the new word ddeugeopda, which expresses the highest temperature of

substances, was also formed. DeopcJa had previously expressed the highest

temperature of both air and substances, but with the formation of ddeugeopcJa,

deopcJa gradually lost the latter meaning. Also, meuyjigeunhacJa was newly formed

as an expression of the lowest degree of warmth. Among cold sensory words,

seonseonhacJa/syeonsyeonhacJa replaced seoneuseoneuJhacJa, 얘lÍch was formed by

stem reduplication and which expressed a medium tεmperature. The word chagapι&

was also formed as an analogy to the word ddeugeopcJa.
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