『奎章總目』과 18세기 후반 조선의 外來知識集成
Acceptance and Its Attitude in Joseon Society toward Foreign Culture in the Late 18th Century : Centering on <κyujang chongmok( 奎훌總目 )>

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Issue Date
서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
한국문화, Vol.57, pp. 91-125
Kyujang chongmokKyujanggak(奎章閣)The aggregation of knowledgeking Jeongjo奎章閣지식집성,正祖
17.8세기 조선 학계의 학술 · 지식은 이전 시기에 비한다면 상상할 수 없을 청

도로 풍부해지고 다양해졌다. 이같은 변화가 얼어난 데에는 여러 요인이 있을 수

있지만, 우선 15세기 이래 축적된 조선 학계의 학문 성과가 여러 학파와 정파의

성장 속에 확장되는 사청을 거론할 수 있다. 16세기 중 · 후반부터 본격적으로 이

루어지는 徐敬德, 李混, 홈植, 李쩍와 같은 학지들과 그들 후학들의 학파적 활통은

성리학에 대한 이해를 비롯 현실 인식과 정치 운영의 방식을 둘러싸고 아주 다양

한 논리와 견해를 만들며 전개되었다. 과거 조선의 ξL문 풍토가 정리되고 새로운

상황에 걸맞는 적절한 사유가 적극 모색되었다. 물론 이 과정이 순탄하게 평화롭

게 이루어지는 것은 아니 었다. 각 학파별로 지향이 다르고 생각이 다른 만큼 학파

상호간의 활동에는 팽팽한 긴장과 길항이 항존했으며, 그리하여 그것이 정치적인

문제와 얽히면 격렬한 정쟁으로 폭벌하기도 했다 1) 하지만, 여러 학파의 경쟁적 활동이 이 시기 지식 세계를 확장하논 주된 힘으로 작용한 것은 분병했다.
IiKyz;ang chongmok.J is the possession list and summary collection of Chinese

books, which are being owned by Kyujanggak(奎章聞). About 700 kinds of books,

which were published in the Ming and Qing 며nasty, are arranged with four paπ

classification system. Compilers of Ii Kyujang chongmok.J arranged by abbreviating

basic information that an individual book has, and gave strict criticism at the same

time to books, which contain idea of being likely a threat to ]oseon socieψ.

Especially as for books of having a method available for destroying the boundary

between Zhuzixue(朱子學) and Yangmingxue(陽明學) and books of having aimed to

deconstruct the Thought of Zhuzi, they showed decisiveness that cannot be seen


Ii Kyujang chongmokjj was the result that ]oseon society selected in the late 18th

century with the aim of having aggregated new knowledge and made medium in

public communication at the point available for controlling optimally with being

helped ]oseon in changing and expanding. In such sense, the existence of this book

was ever barometer available for definitely examining the world of consciousness in

]oseon govemment, which had aimed to define the boundaJγ to some extent with

controlling and managing dangerous knowledge elements amid the book even while

accepting new book, which is conducive to administering the govemment. The

aggregation of knowledge that Ii K;μJjang chongmokjj has and one aspeα in

controlling the thought accompanied by it werent certainly those that came just

from the king ]eongjo. It had been intervened simultaneously a burning desire in

Yangban( 兩班) intellects who had strived to firmly keep the world of Zhuzixue. A method or directionality that Joseon intellects in the 19th century meet and digest

new knowledge and culture will be probably integrated in this book.
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Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원)Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.57-60(2012)
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