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Effects of Extracellular Matrix Constituents on the Attachment of Human Oral Epithelial Cells at the Titanium Surface

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Authors
Park, Joo-Cheol; Kim, Hyun-Man; Ko, Jea Seung
Issue Date
1998
Publisher
Quintessence Publis
Citation
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants, Vol.13, No.6, pp. 826-836
Keywords
Cell attachmentCell proliferationOral epitheliumTitaniumImplantExtracellular matrix protein
Abstract
This in vitro study attempts to delineate the role of extracellular matrix (ECM) constituents at the epithelial tissue-implant interface. To know which ECM constituents have a beneficial influence on the behavior of epithelial cells, the attachment, proliferation, morphologic pattern, and differentiation or cytoskeletal organization of human oral epithelial cells on ECM-coated (type IV collagen, fibronectin, type I collagen, laminin, and vitronectin) and noncoated titanium surface have been evaluated and compared. In each experiment comparing commercially pure titanium and oxygen plasma-cleaned titanium, the same ECM constituents were used. In this study, type IV collagen could provide an excellent substratum for epithelial cell attachment on titanium surface, but vitronectin-coated titanium revealed lower effectiveness for attachment of epithelial cells than noncoated titanium. These results suggested that type IV collagen could be used as a means for obtaining good epithelial seal, whereas vitronectin could be used to restrain the attachment of epithelium to dental implants.
ISSN
0882-2786
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/82354
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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