S-Space College of Human Ecology (생활과학대학) Dept. of Consumer and Child Studies (소비자아동학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_소비자아동학부)
여가시간과 시간압박감의 관계 : 성별에 따른 성역할 태도의 조절효과를 중심으로
Relationship between Leisure Time and Time Pressure : Gender Differences in the Moderating Effect of Gender Role Attitudes
- 장연주; 이기영; 최현자
- Issue Date
- 한국가족자원경영학회지 Vol.16 No.4, pp. 195-211
- 복합학; 여가시간; 시간압박감; 성역할 태도; 성차; 조절효과; leisure time; time pressure; gender role attitudes; gender differences; moderating effect
- The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between leisure time and time pressure based on time availability perspective and gender perspective. For this purpose, this study examined the use of leisure time and the level of time pressure according to gender and gender role attitudes and investigated the relationship between leisure time and time pressure focusing on gender differences in the moderating effect of gender role attitudes. The sample for the study was drawn from the Time Use Survey data collected by Korean National Statistical Office in 2009. Two cases were gathered from each of the samples who are married, aged over 20, presently working and raising preschoolers, which makes 3,150 cases in the total. The major findings are as follows. First, the differences of leisure time between groups according to gender role attitude are not significant, but gender differences are significant. Men's leisure time is more than women's leisure time. Secondly, people with progressive gender role attitudes have higher time pressure than people with conservative gender role attitudes. By the gender groups, women's time pressure is higher than men's time pressure. Thirdly, men's time pressure is decreasing as leisure time increases, but effect of leisure time on women's time pressure is not significant. Women with progressive gender role attitudes have higher time pressure than women with conservative gender role attitudes. On the other hand, influence of gender role attitudes on men's time pressure is not significant. Fourthly, only male group has a significant moderating effect of gender role attitudes in the relationship between leisure time and time pressure. In other words, time pressure of men with conservative gender role attitudes is decreasing more sharply than men with progressive gender role attitudes as leisure time increases. In contrast, increased leisure time does not relieve women's time pressure even though they have conservative gender role attitudes. These results show that men's time pressure can be interpreted in the time availability perspective, while women's time pressure can be described in gender perspective.