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Retrospective results of implants for partially edentulous posterior jaws according to time points of early loading

Cited 3 time in Web of Science Cited 2 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Jong-Hwa; Yang, Jin-Yong; Kim, Young-Kyun; Heo, Young-Ku; Yoe, In-Sung
Issue Date
2013-09-10
Publisher
Quintessence Publishing Co Inc.
Citation
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants Vol.28 No.5, pp. 1293-1299
Keywords
복합학early loadingimplantpartial edentulismmandiblemaxilla
Abstract
Purpose: This study evaluated the survival and success rates and marginal bone loss conditions of early loaded implants in the posterior maxilla and mandible of partially edentulous patients.Materials and Methods: Implants (n = 299) were placed in 105 patients at two research centers. Provisional fixed dental prostheses were provided to the patients between 1 week and 2 months after implant placement. The implants were classified into four groups according to the loading time (1 to 2, 2 to 4, 4 to 6, and 6 to 8 weeks). Periapical radiographs were taken via a parallel imaging technique, and the peri-implant marginal bone level was measured on the radiographic images.Results: Most implants were lost within 1 month, and one implant was removed at 36 days after loading. The cumulative survival rate of the implants was 97.0%. Implants loaded in the maxilla at 1 to 2 weeks after prosthesis insertion had significantly lower survival rates than any other group (P = .013). There were no significant differences in marginal bone levels among the implant groups classified according to loading time.Conclusions: Early loading is a safe and predictable procedure for implant-supported restoration of posterior partial edentulism. However, care must be taken in early loading within 2 weeks after maxillary implant insertion.
ISSN
1942-4434 (online)
0882-2786 (print)
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/83759
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11607/jomi.2884
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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