조선 전기와 후기의 혈연의식 비교 - "族" 관련 용어와 권리의무관계를 중심으로
A Comparative Study of the “Kindred Consciousness” in the Early and Latter Halves of the Joseon Dynasty period : Examination of the Kinsmen(族)’-related terms, and the people’s relationship of privileges and obligations
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.58, pp. 89-110
- "족" 관련 용어; 친족 관련 법제; 권리와 의무; 혈연의식의 실체; 부계의식의 강화; ‘kinsmen’-related terms; kinship-related law; rights and obligations; nature of the kindred consciousness; reinforcement of patrilineal consciousness
- In the early half of the Joseon dynasty period, the degree of "closeness between people’ was gauged by their closeness in terms of their kinsmen-based relationship. The closeness between the ‘ancestors’ and ‘descendants’ naturally grew more and more diluted, as they grew apart from each other in terms of generations. The fundamental element of the kindred relationship was the relationship between the parents and the offsprings, and any relationships beyond the grandparents-grandchildren relationship range were significantly weak.
Yet such kind of "kindred consciousness’ and "kindred relationship’ changed, particularly around the late 16th century. Existing interpretation of the Inheritance law was overthrown, and new perspectives viewing the range and principles of the practice of inheritance were presented. Finally in the 18th century, kinship-related terms were modified to reflect the reinforced patrilineal reality of the time, and related laws that had been enacted during the early days of the dynasty were either rendered irrelevant or revised.
With such changes in place, the closeness between individuals came to be decided by their closeness in terms of patrilineal relationships, and not just of any kind of kinship relationship. Privileges and obligations generated by patrilineal relationships continued to exist, yet such concepts meant for non-patrilineal relationships were reduced and eventually disappeared. In the early half period of the joseon dynasty, patrilineal elements aid not factor in the people s lives and consciousness, yet it came to do so rather dominantly, in the following periods.