Comparison of Motivations for Parent Care between Koreans and Americans: A Cross-Cultural Approach

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Sung, Kyu-Taik

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Population and Development Studies Center, Seoul National University
Korea Journal of Population and Development, Vol.25 No.1, pp. 83-99
This study compares filial motivations of Koreans with those of Americans and

identifies cross-culturally equivalent, as well as country-specific types of filial

motivations. Both groups cited "affection/love," "repayment/reciprocity," and "filial

responsibility/obligation" as major forms of motivation. Despite cultural differences,

there are similarities between the two groups in the relative emphasis on these

qualitative dimensions of parent care. In other kinds of motivation, the two groups are dissimilar. For the Koreans, filial respect, family harmony, and filial sacrifice emerge as outstanding forms of motivation. These forms are not cited by the Americans. The reciprocity of the parent-child relationship, the influence of cultural traditions, and related issues are discussed in relation to filial motivation.
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Institute for Social Development and Policy Research (사회발전연구소)Development and SocietyKorea Journal of Population and Development Vol.25 No.1/2 (1996)
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