The roles of Wnt antagonists Dkk1 and sFRP4 during adipogenesis of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

Cited 85 time in Web of Science Cited 93 time in Scopus

Park, J.-R.; Jung, J.-W.; Lee, Y.-S.; Kang, Kyung-Sun

Issue Date
Cell Prolif. 41, 859-874
Objectives: The canonical Wnt signalling pathway performs an important function in the control of adipogenesis. However, the mechanisms and mediators underlying these interactions have yet to be defined in detail. Thus, this study was performed in order to elucidate the roles of the Wnt family during adipogenic differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs). Materials and methods: We assessed several members of the Frizzled (FZD) family, the receptors of Wnts, inhibitors including the secreted frizzled-related protein (sFRP) family and Dickkopfs (Dkks), and the downstream factor, β-catenin. Expressional levels of adipogenic markers regulated by the small interfering RNA of Dkk1 (siDkk1) and sFRP4 (sisFRP4) were assessed using real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis. Results: The mRNA level of Dkk1 was expressed abundantly in the early stages of adipogenesis and decreased rapidly during the late stages of adipogenesis. However, sFRP4 mRNA was up-regulated gradually during adipogenic differentiation in hAMSCs. Expression of FZD1, FZD7 and β-catenin were reduced during adipogenic differentiation. Transfection of hAMSCs with siDkk1 or sisFRP4 partially inhibited differentiation of hAMSCs into adipocytes and restored levels of β-catenin. Conclusions: We determined that Dkk1 was up-regulated transiently in the early stages of adipogenesis, and that sFRP4 levels increased gradually during adipogeneis via inhibition of Wnt signalling. Collectively, these results show that Dkk1 and sFRP4 perform an important function in adipogenesis in hAMSCs.
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College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학)Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
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