S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Institute for Russian, East European & Eurasian Studies (러시아문화권연구소) 러시아연구 (Russian Studies) 러시아연구 Volume 14 Number 1/2 (2004)
흐루시초프의 "비밀 연설": 동기와 배경을 중심으로 : Motives and Context of Secret Speech' by Khrushchev
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 러시아연구소
- 러시아연구, Vol.14 No.1, pp. 211-242
- Khrushchev's 'Secret Speech' attempted to overcome Stalin's negative vestiges "from the above". But it represented not only Khrushchev's personal resolution but also the specific historical context in which the necessity to transform the past Stalinist system spread out throughout the Soviet society. The strong demand for the societal transformation came from the positive aspect of the Stalinist past such as the victory in the Second World War and economic development, as well as its negative side including rampant political terror and unlawful dictatorship. At first, Khrushchev undertook a policy of "silent de-Stalinization" as the Soviet society requested. However, the policy did not last long because of the resistance from conservative Stalinists and contradictory symbol politics. Under these circumstances, Khrushchev's 'Secret Speech' was born with his moral motives and political consideration.
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