S-Space Researcher Institutes (연구소) American Studies Institute (미국학연구소) 미국학 미국학 Volume 35 Number 1/2 (2012)
"미국인의 생활방식"의 정치적 이력
The Political Career of "thee American Way of Life"
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 미국학연구소
- 미국학, Vol.35 No.1, pp. 117-148
- 프랭클린 루즈벨트(Franklin D. Roosevelt); 뉴딜(New Deal); 미국자유연맹 (American Liberty League); 앨프리드 랜든(Alfred M. Landon); 티파티(Tea Party); 미국식을 옹호하는 사람들(People for the American Way)
- This paper shows that “the American way of life” refers to much more than the cultural consensus of mid-20th-century America. In particular, it argues that the hackneyed phrase has a political significance more distinct than is suggested by the existing literature. This argument is based on an investigation into the rise of that phrase and a survey of its current usages as well. The phrase obtained currency in the mid-1930’s when Americans endeavored to shape a program that would lead the US back to prosperity. In 1934 the American Liberty League began denouncing the New Deal that was allegedly threatening independent individuals, free enterprise and “the American way of life,” of which Alfred M. Landon made repeated use in his 1936 presidential campaign. F.D.R. won the campaign in part by reprehending giant corporations that were bringing unexpected changes to “the American way of life” as well as to America’s material life. Today, Americans find the commonplace phrase more often in the periphery of their political world than in the center. It is frequently mentioned in the Tea Party movement that cherishes neo-liberal values preached by Ronald Reagan. On the other hand, it is in constant use among “the People for the American Way” who seek to keep alive the ideals of the liberation movements of the 1960’s.