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문제중심학습 성과에 대한 팀효능감, 메타인지의 예측력 규명 : Identifying Predictability of Team Efficacy, Metacognition on PBL(Problem-Based Learning) Outcomes

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Authors
이정민윤성혜류혜선
Issue Date
2012-03
Publisher
서울대학교 교육연구소
Citation
아시아교육연구, Vol.13 No.1, pp. 105-123
Keywords
문제중심학습(PBL)팀효능감메타인지학습성과PBL(problem-based learning)team efficacymetacognitionlearning outcomes
Abstract
본 연구는 문제중심학습(PBL)성과를 예측하는 요인을 분석하여 PBL을 설계하거나 실천하고자 할 때 고려해야 할 지침을 제공하고자, 문헌연구에 기반하여 PBL성과를 예측하는 변인으로 팀효능감, 메타인지를 상정하고 PBL에 참여한 40명의 대학생을 대상으로 이들의 예측력을 연구하였다. 연구결과, 팀효능감은 학습성과 중 만족도 변인을 유의하게 예측하는 것으로 나타났으나, 메타인지의 만족도에 대한 예측력은 유의하지 않았다. 또한 메타인지는 문제해결력을 유의하게 예측하는 것으로 나타났지만, 팀효능감의 문제해결력에 대한 예측력은 유의하지 않은 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구의 결과는 협력적 문제해결에 대한 관심이 높아지는 요즘, 메타인지와 팀효능감이 PBL의 학습성과를 예측하는 주요한 변인임을 확인할 수 있었다. 이는 향후 PBL활동 전반에 걸쳐 메타인지를 촉진시키는 전략을 제공하고, 또한 팀효능감을 향상시키기 위해 교수자가 학습자들의 개인특성 등을 고려하여 팀을 구성하는 등의 다양한 방법이 고려되어야 할 것을 시사한다.



The purpose of this study is to identify the significant predictors that affect on problem-based learning outcomes. Based on literature reviews, team efficacy and metacognition were identified as predictors of PBL outcomes. Data were collected from 40 students who participated PBL-based course in a university located in Seoul, Korea and were analyzed by multiple regression analysis. As a result, team efficacy significantly predicted satisfaction, however, did not predict problem solving skills. In addition, metacognition significantly predicted problem solving skills, however, did not predict satisfaction. Thanks to the aforementioned results, we now know that learners team efficacy were the major variable to predict the students satisfaction. In addition, metacognition was the variable to predict problem solving skills. It suggests that team efficacy and metacognition should be facilitated in PBL-based course. First, team efficacy, the belief on each team members, might be affected by the way of team composition methods. So considering students' characteristics for team composition would promote their team efficacy. Second, training and asking questions during the PBL would promote metacognition.
ISSN
1229-9448
Language
Korean
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/89362
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College of Education (사범대학)Education Research Institute (교육연구소)아시아교육연구 (Asian Journal of Education, AJE)아시아교육연구 (Asian Journal of Education) Volume 13 Number 1/4 (2012)
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