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Korea's Five-Year Economic Plans and Their Impacts

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Authors
Byun, HyungYoon
Issue Date
1990-04
Publisher
Institute of Economic Research, Seoul National University
Citation
Seoul Journal of Economics, Vol.3 No.2, pp. 219-238
Keywords
first five-year planrapid economic growthThe Korean Economy in the 1980s
Abstract
When we examine the process of economic development in

Korea, focusing on the five-year economic plans and their impacts, we find that the Korean economy has succeeded in

achieving remarkable growth under the leadership of the government

through an export-oriented development strategy based

on imported capital and technology. The positive effects were

rapid growth, the modernization of industrial and export structures,

and increases in exports and saving. On the other hand,

the negative features of export-oriented development strategies

were the high dependency on foreign countries, the disparity

between agriculture and manufacture, the inequality of income,

the uneven growth between large and small firms, import-augmenting

export, the low level of domestic technology, and inflation.

In particular, given the current state of the Korean economy,

the importance of technological development is highly and

appropriately emphasized.
ISSN
1225-0279
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/895
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Institute of Economics Research (경제연구소)Seoul Journal of Economics (SJE)Seoul Journal of Economics vol.03(2) (Summer 1990)
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