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觀光地 開發의 經濟的 波及效果 分析 - 白岩溫泉을 事例로 : Economic Impacts in the Development of Tourist Resorts -A Case Study of Paekam Hot Spring-

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서울대학교 국토문제연구소
지리학논총, Vol.17, pp. 41-58
This study analysed the economic impacts of developing tourist resorts, in aspects of income, employment and changes of land ownership with Paekam Hot Spring Area as the case study area. In this regard, this study first identified the characteristics of tourist at Paekam Hot Spring. And tourist groups are classified into six groups according to lodging types, that is, tourists staying 1)in hotels, 2)in hot spring inns, 3) in condominiums and company resorts, 4) in public inns, 5) in private houses, and 6) others (like one-day tourists). The yearly spending of the tourists in Paekam Hot Spring is tabulated by these six lodging types. And the absolute amount and its percentage that each individual types has contributed to the increase of income per household in the study area are also figured out. Furthermore, the study then goes on to clarify the process and causes which give rise to the income-related results, via analyses of the ownership of capital, the numbers and types of employment, and changes of land ownership. In addition, the tourist income multiplier model is experimented in order to identify the circular- cumulative process of the increase of regional income. The research findings, with the effect of income rise as its central concern, are the following. First, the tourists constitute two distinct groups: individual Or family tourists from the city on the one hand and group tourists from the rural area on the other, which are contrasted in aspects of socioeconomic position, native hometown, lodging type, spending type and the like.
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