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Region and frequency specific changes of spectral power in Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment

Cited 35 time in Web of Science Cited 38 time in Scopus
Authors
Roh, Jee Hoon; Park, Moon Ho; Ko, Deokwon; Park, Kun-Woo; Lee, Dae-Hie; Han, Changsu; Anh Jo, Sangmee; Yang, Kyung-Sook; Jung, Ki-Young
Issue Date
2011-11
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol.122 No.11, pp. 2169-2176
Keywords
의약학Alzheimer’s disease (AD)Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI)EEGSpectral powerRegionFrequency
Abstract
Objectives: To find out whether healthy control (HC), amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), and Alzheimer's disease (AD# subjects exhibit region and frequency specific spectral power differences and whether the spectral power changes correlate with domain-specific cognitive function. Methods: Forty-one AD, 38 aMCI, and 39 HC subjects underwent quantitative EEG and comprehensive neuropsychological tests. Repeated measures analysis of variance was performed to identify differences in EEG spectral power among the three groups by scalp region and EEG frequency. Correlations between region and frequency specific spectral powers and neuropsychological test scores were evaluated. Results: Temporal and parieto-occipital theta band powers were highest in AD. Whereas, parieto-occipital alpha and frontal and temporal beta 2 band powers were highest in HC and lowest in AD #p < 0.05#. Temporal and parieto-occipital theta powers negatively correlated with verbal and visuospatial memory recall, while parieto-occipital alpha and temporal beta 2 powers positively correlated with verbal memory recall #p < 0.01#. Conclusions: Region and frequency specific oscillatory characteristics of EEG reflect domain-specific cognitive function in patients with aMCI and AD. Significance: Region and frequency specific spectral powers have clinical implications as additional markers differentiating AD, aMCI, and HC. #C) 2011 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology.
ISSN
1388-2457
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/91785
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2011.03.023
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실)Journal Papers (저널논문_신경과학교실)
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