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Civil Service Reforms and the Development of Korea

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Authors
Lee, Soo-Young; Lee, Seulki
Issue Date
2014
Publisher
Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University
Citation
Korean Journal of Policy Studies, Vol.29 No.1, pp. 47-67
Keywords
civil service reformrecruitment systemnational development
Abstract
Human resources in government have been recognized crucial elements
for national development in that civil servants make policy decisions and implement
them. Especially in the case of economic development, high levels of
expertise and experience are required for civil servants. Korea’s economic
development provides good example of the importance of public human
resources. The Korean government recruited new civil servants through the civil
service exam, a very difficult and competitive test. Most civil servants who pass
this exam have a high degree of knowledge of economics, public policy, and
public administration. During period of industrialization in Korea, civil servants
used these abilities to design and implement public policies for economic and
social development that enabled the country to make surprising progress. As
Korea lacks natural resources, the role of civil servants is much more important
than that in many other countries. This study reviews historical changes in the
Korean civil service system, especially the recruitment system.
ISSN
1225-5017
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/91912
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총) vol.29 no.1/3 (2014)
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