S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
Maxillary incisor inclination of skeletal Class III patients treated with extraction of the upper first premolars and two-jaw surgery: Conventional orthognathic surgery vs surgery-first approach.
- Park, Heon-Mook; Lee, Yang-Ku; Choi, Jin-Young; Baek, Seung-Hak
- Issue Date
- Angle Orthodontist, Vol.84 No.4, pp. 720-729
- 의약학; Maxillary incisor inclination; Skeletal Class III patients; Extraction of maxillary premolar; Surgery-first approach
- Objective: To investigate the differences in the amount and pattern of the maxillary incisor (MXI) inclination change in skeletal Class III patients treated with extraction of the maxillary first premolars (MXP1) and two-jaw surgery (TJS) between conventional orthognathic surgery (COS) and surgery-first approach (SFA).
Materials and Methods: The study included 60 skeletal Class III patients who had normal maxillary position, prognathic mandible, and mild crowding in the maxillary arch (#4 mm). The patients were divided into group 1 (COS, n 5 36) and group 2 (SFA, n 5 24). Lateral cephalograms were taken before treatment (T0), 1 month before surgery (T1), within 1 month after surgery (T2), and after debonding (T3) for COS patients and at T0, T2, and T3 for SFA patients. After measurement of the skeletodental variables, statistical analyses were performed.
Results: During T0–T2, the amount of MXI inclination change (DU1-SN) in group 1 was significantly larger than that in group 2 (212.8u vs 24.4u; P , .001). During T2–T3, DU1-SN in groups 1 and 2 occurred in opposite directions (3.8u vs 25.9u; P , .001). However, the total amount of DU1-SN during T0–T3 was not different between groups 1 and 2 (29.0u vs 210.3u). At T3 the U1-SN values for groups 1 and 2, respectively, moved closer to normal according to the values of the normal range rate (all 83%), relative percentage ratio (102.4% and 100.1%), and achievement ratio (77.7% and 97.8%).
Conclusions: The results of this study might provide basic data for predicting the amount and pattern of MXI inclination change in SFA for skeletal Class III TJS patients.