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Moving toward Universal Coverage of Health Insurance in Vietnam: Barriers, Facilitating Factors, and Lessons from Korea

Cited 17 time in Web of Science Cited 17 time in Scopus
Authors
Do, Ngan; Oh, Juhwan; Lee, Jin-Seok
Issue Date
2014-07
Publisher
Korean Academy of Medical Sciences
Citation
Journal of Korean Medical Science, Vol.29 No.7, pp. 919-925
Keywords
의약학Universal CoverageInsuranceHealthFacilitating FactorsKoreaVietnam
Abstract
Vietnam has pursued universal health insurance coverage for two decades but has yet to fully achieve this goal. This paper investigates the barriers to achieve universal coverage and examines the validity of facilitating factors to shorten the transitional period in Vietnam. A comparative study of facilitating factors toward universal coverage of Vietnam and Korea reveals significant internal forces for Vietnam to further develop the National Health Insurance Program. Korea in 1977 and Vietnam in 2009 have common characteristics to be favorable of achieving universal coverage with similarities of level of income, highly qualified administrative ability, tradition of solidarity, and strong political leadership although there are differences in distribution of population and structure of the economy. From a comparative perspective, Vietnam can consider the experience of Korea in implementing the mandatory enrollment approach, household unit of eligibility, design of contribution and benefit scheme, and resource allocation to health insurance for sustainable government subsidy to achieve and sustain the universal coverage of health insurance.
ISSN
1011-8934
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/92819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2014.29.7.919
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Health Policy and Management (의료관리학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_의료관리학전공)
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