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Protective effect of breastfeeding with regard to children's behavioral and cognitive problems

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dc.contributor.authorPark, Subin-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Bung-Nyun-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Jae-Won-
dc.contributor.authorShin, Min-Sup-
dc.contributor.authorYoo, Hee Jeong-
dc.contributor.authorCho, Soo-Churl-
dc.date.accessioned2014-12-16T01:29:16Z-
dc.date.available2014-12-16T01:29:16Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-29-
dc.identifier.citationNutrition Journal, 13(1) : 111ko_KR
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/93656-
dc.descriptionThis is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article,
unless otherwise stated.
ko_KR
dc.description.abstractBackground: Breastfeeding has been associated with a lower risk for behavioral problems in childhood. However, it is uncertain whether these associations are mediated by the mothers or childs IQ. We examined the association between breastfeeding and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other behavioral problems in childhood and assessed the role of the childs IQ and the mothers IQ in generating this association.
Findings: The current study included 874 children (8-11 years) recruited from schools in five Korean cities. Mothers were asked about nursing, and the prevalence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and behavioral problems were compared between children who were breastfed and those who were not breastfed. After adjusting for age, gender, area of residence, and yearly family income, a lack of breastfeeding was associated with increased internalizing, externalizing, and overall behavioral problems as well as the diagnosis of ADHD. These associations weakened but mostly remained significant after adjusting for childs IQ and maternal IQ. In addition, a lack of breastfeeding was associated with low childs IQ and this association weakened, but remained significant even after adjusting for maternal IQ and the diagnosis of ADHD.
Conclusions: This study suggests that there is a protective effect of breastfeeding on childhood behavioral outcomes with a partial mediation of this effect by the childs IQ, and there is a positive effect of breastfeeding on childhood intelligence with a partial mediation of this effect by the childs attention problem.
ko_KR
dc.language.isoenko_KR
dc.publisherBioMed Centralko_KR
dc.subjectBreastfeedingko_KR
dc.subjectAttention-deficit hyperactivity disorderko_KR
dc.subjectBehaviorko_KR
dc.subjectChildko_KR
dc.titleProtective effect of breastfeeding with regard to children's behavioral and cognitive problemsko_KR
dc.typeArticleko_KR
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor박수빈-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor김붕년-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor김재원-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor신민섭-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor유희정-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor조수철-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1475-2891-13-111-
dc.language.rfc3066en-
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed-
dc.rights.holderSubin Park et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.-
dc.date.updated2014-12-12T16:14:33Z-
Appears in Collections:
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Psychiatry (정신과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정신과학전공)
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