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The Irony of the Unchecked Growth of Higher Education in South Korea: Crystallization of Class Cleavages and Intensifying Status Competition

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Authors
Kim, Doohwan; Choi, Yool
Issue Date
2015-12
Publisher
Institute for Social Development and Policy Research, Center for Social Sciences, Seoul National University
Citation
Development and Society, Vol.44 No.3, pp. 435-463
Keywords
inequality in higher educationhigher education expansionpoliticization of educationderegulationeducational stratification
Abstract
This study raises questions about the discrepancy between the praise for Korean education by international organizations and Koreans dissatisfaction with their education. First, the study identifies the main reason for the discrepancy as inequality at the level of higher education. To track down the formation of the current problem of educational inequality and excessive competition for status, the study evaluates the historical changes in South Koreas education system in the past several decades, focusing on the unchecked expansion of higher education. In doing so, the study shows how the aggregate decisions made by individuals and families, and the political dynamics of the past five decades have affected broad policy regarding educational stratification in South Korea. In the last section, the study presents what has been an empirical pattern of educational stratification in Korea reflecting all these social changes during the past five decades in Korea.
ISSN
1598-8074
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/95298
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Institute for Social Development and Policy Research (사회발전연구소)Development and Society Development and Society Vol.44 No.1/3 (2015)
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