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주간치료소 자폐증아의 치료효과 : Developmental Progress of Autistic Children at a Daytreatment Center

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dc.identifier.citationSeoul J Med, Vol.25 No.4, pp. 588-597-
dc.description.abstractSince Leo Kanner(l943) first described early
infantile autism", it has been recognized to be
a most distinct clinical syndrome in child psychiatry
and many investigators as ₩ell as
clinicians have been fascinated by these children.
In the past two decades, a great deal of
research has been done on this new puzzling
syndrome and as a result of this endeavor there
has been a major revision in the conceptual
understanding of autism(Rutter, 1978; DSM-III,
1980; DeMyer et a!., 1981).
However, in terms of treatment, various kinds
Qf modalities ₩e re tried and described, such as
psychotherapy, play therapy, pharmacotherapy,
speech therapy, behavior modifications and
special education. It is now clear that any single
treatment method cant be specifically effective
in helping autistic children. Instead, since infantile
autism is conceptualized as being delayed
in all areas of development, greater emphasis is
put on a intensive, active , multimodal, psychoeducational
approach in well structured, small
group setting (DeMyer et aI., 1981). That is why a conventional special education facilities
for mental retardation is not suitable for autistic
The establishment of daytreament center for
autistic children at Seoul National University
Hospital was prompted by the communitys
compelling needs for the treatment of seriously
disturbed children. When the first systematic
child psychiatry service in Korea was begun in
1979 at this hospital, there was literally a
rush" of patients and analysis of first 600 child
psychiatry outpatients revealed that one third of
them were mentally retarded, neurologically impaired
and pervasive developmentally disordered.
Among them, pervasive developmentally disordered
children including autism constituted 40%
of preschool children visiting outpatient clinic
and posed a particular problem because there
were virtually neither educational nor treatment
facilities to refer to. In Korea, it was only
recent years that infantile autism and other
pervasive developmental disorders were recognized
clinically as seperate entities from mental retardation
and brain damage.
dc.publisher서울대학교 의과대학-
dc.title주간치료소 자폐증아의 치료효과-
dc.title.alternativeDevelopmental Progress of Autistic Children at a Daytreatment Center-
dc.typeSNU Journal-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthorJeong, Do-Un-
dc.citation.journaltitle서울 의대 잡지-
dc.citation.journaltitle서울 의대 학술지-
dc.citation.journaltitleSeoul Journal of Medicine-
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